Regulatory agencies can be described as benevolent social welfare maximisers (Laffont & Tirole 1991) who serve the public interest. However, the effectiveness of regulations is eroded by regulatory capture (regulations are designed in the interest of business and not society) and the failure to enforce regulations.
We can argue that this failure to enforce existing regulations and redesign of regulations away from the public interest has been evident in recent public policy development. The recent cry of 'smaller taxes' for business by our current government was fortunately a recent failure of an international race to the bottom.
There is perhaps nothing worse than watching the recent news story about the deaths of over 2,400 sheep over a shipment of 64,000 (I'm not putting links in), just after you have had a paper published reviewing the regulations concerning the live trade supply chain.
The comment today that the losses were due to extreme weather and crowding, is not a surprise. These are common excuses found here: http://www.agriculture.gov.au/export/controlled-goods/live-animals/livestock/regulatory-framework/compliance-investigations/investigations-mortalities
These rules and regulations have been developed in response to past failures and mounting public pressure on the live trade industry, These regulations allow for both regulation and criminal action based on losses of these levels.
Just like with the recent water thefts, its time to enforce regulations!
Jackson, E.L., Adamson, D., 2018. The live sheep export supply chain: when operational and societal complexities collide. International Journal of Business and Systems Research 12, 181-196.
Laffont, J.-J., Tirole, J., 1991. The Politics of Government Decision-Making: A Theory of Regulatory Capture. The Quarterly Journal of Economics 106, 1089-1127.